The Art of Needs Based Selling: Understand Your Customers to Drive Sales

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Selling can be a lot like dating - you need to understand the other person's wants and needs before you make your move. Just like bringing a bouquet of flowers on a first date won't impress someone who's allergic, pitching a product or service that doesn't meet your customer's needs won't lead to sales success.

That's where needs-based selling comes in. By taking the time to understand your customer's pain points and desires, you can tailor your approach to meet their specific needs and drive sales. In this article, we'll explore the basic stages of needs-based selling, provide examples, and give tips for incorporating it into your sales training.

So grab a cup of coffee and get ready to learn how to win your customers' hearts (and wallets) through the art of needs-based selling.


What Is Needs Based Selling?

Needs based selling is an approach to sales where the focus is on understanding and meeting the customer's needs rather than simply pushing a product or service. It involves identifying the customer's needs and pain points and presenting solutions that meet them. This approach to selling helps build trust and rapport with the customer, leading to higher levels of customer satisfaction and loyalty.

Let's say a customer enters a store looking for a new laptop. Rather than immediately trying to sell the customer the most expensive laptop in the store, a needs-based salesperson would ask the customer about their needs and preferences.

By taking the time to understand the customer's needs, the salesperson is more likely to make a sale and leave the customer with a positive experience.

How to Do Needs-Based Selling Successfully

How to Do Needs-Based Selling Successfully

Now that you understand what needs-based selling is, let's look at how to do it successfully. Here are four tips for incorporating this approach into your sales process:

1. Build Rapport

Building rapport is essential to needs-based selling as it helps establish trust and credibility with the customer, leading to a deeper understanding of their needs. Here are some tips on how to build rapport successfully in needs-based selling:



Be Genuine

Customers can quickly sense when someone is insincere or not genuine. Therefore, it is crucial to be authentic in your interactions with them. You can start by introducing yourself and expressing your desire to understand their needs better.

Listen Actively

Listening actively means paying full attention to the customer and focusing on what they say. According to research, active listening increases customer satisfaction and builds trust.


Demonstrating empathy shows that you care about the customer's situation and are interested in helping them find a solution.

Use Positive Body Language

Positive body language signals that you are approachable, friendly, and open to hearing the customer's concerns.

Find Common Ground

Look for common interests or experiences you share with the customer. Finding common ground can create a connection and foster a positive relationship.

2. Ask the Right Questions

Asking the right questions is crucial in the needs-based selling process because it helps you understand the customer's needs and create a customized solution for them. Here's how to ask the right questions in needs-based selling.

  • Start with open-ended questions. Open-ended questions allow customers to provide detailed answers and reveal their needs, desires, and pain points.
  • Focus on the customer's goals. By asking questions about the customer's goals, you can tailor your sales pitch to align with their objectives.
  • Identify the customer's pain points. Understanding the customer's pain points helps you empathize with their situation and offer solutions to their challenges.
  • Confirm your understanding. It's important to summarize the customer's responses and confirm your understanding to avoid misunderstandings and ensure you address their needs.

According to a study by, sales reps who ask questions and listen to the customer for at least 46% of the conversation are likelier to close deals than those who talk longer. Therefore, the importance of asking the right questions in needs-based selling cannot be overstated.

3. Confirm the Issue

Before you offer a solution, you'll need to confirm the customer's issue and address their concerns. Confirming the issue helps build trust, showing that you understand the customer's situation and can help them.

It also helps narrow down what your product or service can do to meet their needs. Ask relevant questions to understand the customer's problem better and confirm the issue.

Use active listening techniques to get an accurate idea of what they need. Don't be afraid to show empathy. Your goal is to help solve their problem! Once the issue has been confirmed, you can move on to the next step.

4. Offer a Solution

Now that you understand the customer's needs, it's time to offer a solution. You can do this by presenting how your product or service can benefit them. Be sure to highlight the features and benefits in alignment with their desired outcome and any competitive advantages your product has over others.

When discussing pricing, be transparent and upfront. This will make the customer feel more comfortable and confident in your offer. It's also important to check that they understand what you're offering, as this will help ensure clarity and communication.

Finally, allow the customer space to process your solution before closing the deal. This gives them time to think it over and ask any questions they might have.

Basic Stages of Needs Based Selling

Basic Stages of Needs Based Selling

At this point, you've identified the customer's needs and can begin to shape the conversation around them. But how do you move from understanding their needs to making a sale? That's where the basic stages of needs based selling come in.

1. Research and Preparation

The research and preparation stage involves understanding the customer's industry, business goals, pain points, and other relevant information. Sales reps can use CRM software to track customer data and insights, such as previous interactions, preferences, and behavior patterns, to personalize the sales pitch.

2. Discovery

To better understand the customer's pain points and business objectives, the sales representative should ask questions and attentively listen to their answers during the next phase.

Let's say an IT manager is looking for a cloud-hosting solution for their business. The software's sales rep should ask questions about the customer's current system and the features they want in a new one.

3. Presentation

Based on the discovery stage, the sales rep presents the product as a solution to the customer's pain points and business goals. The presentation should focus on the benefits and value the product offers the customer rather than just its features.

Example: The sales rep presents the software solution to streamline production scheduling, reduce errors, and improve efficiency. The presentation should also include examples of similar firms successfully using their cloud-hosting software.

4. Objection Handling

During this stage, the sales rep addresses any objections or concerns the customer may have about the product. This involves understanding the customer's perspective and offering alternative solutions or clarifications to alleviate concerns.

Suppose the IT manager expresses concern about the cost of the software. The sales rep can offer a breakdown of the ROI and a comparison to the cost of the firm's current system.

5. Closing the Sale

To complete the sale, summarize the customer's requirements and explain how your product meets them. This serves as a reminder and reinforces their decision to buy. Walk the customer through a payment plan and associated fees or discounts. Doing so will help finalize the sale and make it easier for the customer to commit.

Using a CRM can benefit the needs-based selling approach in several ways.

  • Firstly, it can provide valuable insights into the customer's behavior and preferences, allowing sales reps to tailor their approach accordingly.
  • Secondly, it can help sales reps manage their pipeline, track their progress, and prioritize their activities.
  • Lastly, it can enable effective communication and collaboration between sales reps and other stakeholders, such as marketing and customer service teams.

Needs Based Selling Questions to Ask

Needs Based Selling Questions to Ask

To conduct needs-based selling effectively, you must ask the right questions to uncover a customer's needs. Here are some questions that you can ask during the sales process to determine a customer's needs:

  • What are your business objectives?
  • What challenges are you currently facing?
  • What is the outcome that you're looking for?
  • What criteria will you use to determine the best solution?
  • What budget and timelines do you have in mind?
  • What are your expectations for the product/service?

These questions can help sales reps better understand the customer's needs and objectives. With this knowledge, they can create a tailored solution and present it effectively to drive successful sales.

Needs Based Selling Examples

Needs-based selling can be used in a variety of industries. Let's take a look at some real-life examples of businesses using needs-based selling to drive sales success:

1. Apple Inc.

Apple Inc


When customers visit an Apple store or its website, they are asked questions about what they need in a device, their preferred features, and how to use it. Based on the customer's answers, the sales team recommends products that meet their needs, such as the MacBook Air for students who need a lightweight laptop for studying and taking notes or the iPad for professionals who need a portable device for presentations and meetings.

Apple's needs-based selling approach has helped the company maintain a loyal customer base and drive sales.

2. Amazon



Amazon uses needs-based selling in its product recommendations algorithm. The company analyzes customers' browsing and purchase histories to recommend products that meet their needs and interests.

For example, if a customer frequently buys pet food and toys, Amazon may recommend pet grooming products, leashes, and other accessories. Using needs-based selling, Amazon provides a personalized shopping experience and increases the likelihood of repeat purchases.

3. HubSpot



HubSpot offers a range of products and services to help businesses generate leads, manage customer relationships, and automate marketing tasks. When a potential customer contacts HubSpot, the sales team asks questions about their business needs, such as their current marketing strategy, pain points, and goals.

Based on their responses, the sales team recommends products to help customers achieve their goals. HubSpot's needs-based selling approach has helped the company build strong customer relationships and become a leader in the marketing software industry.

In these examples, the companies use a needs-based selling approach to understand their customers' needs, provide personalized recommendations, and ultimately increase sales and customer loyalty.


Needs-based Selling Conclusion

Needs-based selling is an effective approach that involves understanding the needs and objectives of customers to provide tailored solutions that drive sales success. By asking specific questions about a customer's business goals, challenges, budget, and expectations, you can gain valuable insights into their needs and create a customized solution.

If you want to make the most of needs-based selling and increase customer acquisition, Ringy CRM is here to help. Our comprehensive CRM platform allows you to manage customer relationships, capture leads, track sales activities, and more. Contact us today to learn how we can help your business succeed!

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